SCI Journal Article Index
Delivery and feeding mode affects fecal calprotectin levels in infants < 7 months old
Yoo Mi Lee, Chae-Yeon Min, You Jin Choi, Su Jin Jeong
Background: Elevated fecal calprotectin (FC) is a non-invasive marker of inflammation indicating bowel disease. However, healthy infants have displayed high FC levels, with large variation. We sought to determine what factors might affect FC levels in children <6months old.
Methods: We recruited 133 healthy infants aged 0-6months from four Korean day care centers. Stool samples were analyzed by immunosorbent assay. All infants completed a questionnaire related to clinical characteristics including birth and feeding history.
Results: The mean FC concentration of all of participants was 237.40μg/g (range 11.5-1330.6μg/g). FC levels between 0 and 6months reduced with increasing age and the differences were statistically significant. The mean FC value according to feeding mode was 354.67μg/g for those fed breast milk and 149.44μg/g for those fed formula milk (p<0.001). Mean FC values were 319.69μg/g vs. 130.97μg/g for normal spontaneous vaginal delivery (NSVD) vs. caesarean section births, respectively (p<0.001). In addition, delivery mode affected the FC level at 0-6months regardless of feeding mode.
Conclusion: The FC levels of infants aged 0-6months reduced with age and were higher than the normal levels observed in healthy older infants. The FC value at <7months was higher in infants who were fed breast milk and born by NSVD.
- PMID: 28391117